Preferences (GUI)

Preferences are accessible from the Burger menu burger-menu or with the shortcut Ctrl + P. There are 10 pages and each page representing a theme. The preferences allow more or less advanced users to optimize Siril to best suit their needs. Some settings can have a negative impact on Siril's performance, so it is advisable to change the settings only when you know what you are doing. There are three buttons at the bottom of the preferences dialog box. Reset restores all settings to the default value, Cancel cancels the current changes and Apply will close the dialog box and save the settings.

FITS/SER debayer


Page 1 of preferences dialog

The FITS/SER debayer tab allows the user to define the debayer settings for FITS, SER or TIFF files. Consequently, this tab is only usable for a user with an OSC camera. It is advisable to leave the default settings as Siril will automatically define the correct settings to use. However, in the case of a TIFF file that is not an AstroTIFF, or a file that does not have all the required keywords, it may be necessary to adjust the settings manually. In this case, you have to uncheck the button Bayer information from file's header if available. This action will unlock several settings that the user can change.

  • Bayer/mosaic pattern: This drop-down menu allows you to choose the type of Bayer matrix used by the camera. It is generally indicated in the manufacturer's information. Be careful though, this field is closely linked to the option Debayer FITS files in top-down if no explicit keywords found and the results will be different whether it is checked or not. More explanation on this last option can be found here.

  • X offset: In rare cases, files are recorded with a Bayer array shift. We can define an offset of 1 on the X axis, and an offset of 1 on the Y axis. Here the value defines if there is an offset in X.

  • Y offset: Y offset of Bayer array.

Changing these settings will involve a different demosaicing each time. That's why it is strongly advised to leave the settings in their default state, unless you are really sure of what you are doing.

Another option that has less impact on the final result is the choice of the demosaicing algorithm proposed in Debayer interpolation. The choices are the following:

  • Fast Debayer is the fastest algorithm available in Siril. However, other algorithms listed below are often quite better.

  • VNG4, Threshold-Based Variable Number of Gradients, works on a 5x5 pixel neighborhood around each source pixel. It is a very good algorithm for flat areas of the image (like sky background) but produces artifacts in high contrast areas (like stars).

  • AHD, Adaptive Homogeneity-Directed, is another well known debayer algorithm. However it usually shows artefacts in the background and bad star shapes.

  • AMaZE, Aliasing Minimization and Zipper Elimination, is an algorithm that gives good results specially on low noise captures.

  • DCB, Double Corrected Bilinear, a more recent algorithm, can show some artifacts in the background like AHD.

  • HPHD, Heterogeneity-Projection Hard-Decision, is an old algorithm giving some nice results but that is quite slow.

  • IGV and LMMSE are very good when working with very noisy images. However, IGV tends to lose some chromatic information, while LMMSE is one of the most computational expensive demosaicers and needs a lot of memory.

  • RCD, Ratio Corrected Demosaicing, intends to smooth the colour correction errors that are common in many other interpolation methods. It does an excellent job for round edges, for example stars, and is therefore the default algorithm used in Siril.

For the X-Trans sensor, a special algorithm called Markesteijn is used regardless of the method selected in the preferences. For the latter, it is possible to define the requested quality with the X-Trans demosaicing quality option. It defines the number of passes for the X-Trans Markesteijn demosaicing algorithm, 1 is the default, 3 may be slightly better but slower.


For on-the-fly demosaicing of SER files, the RCD algorithm is always used regardless of the choice made in the drop-down menu. This allows Siril to be more efficient in terms of execution speed and to offer a good quality.

FITS Options


Page 2 of preferences dialog

The FITS Options page groups all the settings related to the native format used by Siril.

  • FITS extension: By default, the value is set to .fit However, many capture programs use the .fits extension. In this case we advise you to update the value. All files created by Siril will have the extension defined here. Moreover, only sequences with the extension defined in the preferences can be loaded. It is therefore not possible to open a .fits sequence and a .fit sequence without updating this value. Supported extensions are:

    • .fit

    • .fits

    • .fts

    All of them can be appended by the .fz extension if the files are compressed.

    Siril command line

    setext extension
    Sets the extension used and recognized by sequences.

    The argument extension can be "fit", "fts" or "fits"
  • Default Type: By default, Siril works in 32-bit floats in the range [0, 1]. This is the best way to keep a high precision. However, for hard disk space considerations a user may decide to work in 16-bit unsigned (in the range [0, 65535]). Be careful though, a 16-bit stacking can lose a lot of information.

  • Allow FITS cubes to have images of different sizes: This can be useful to open scientific FITS files that were not created by Siril and that contain multiple images of different dimensions, which would otherwise considered as invalid Siril FITSEQ files. The JWST images are a good example of the use of this option.

  • Enable Aladin compatibility (CTYPE3 = 'RGB '): Aladin considers a 3D FITS cube as a RGB image (Red, Blue and Green components) if the FITS keyword CTYPE3 = 'RGB ' is specified in the header. In this case any BITPIX value are supported. Without the FITS keyword CTYPE3 = 'RGB ' set, only FITS cube with 3 frames sharing the same dimension and with a BITPIX=8 will be automatically detected as RGB FITS.


This option may conflict with the astrometry feature and should only be activated if it is really necessary.

  • Update pixel size of binned images: Used for image sampling computation, pixel size can be given in two different ways: the real pixel size is given but has to be multiplied by the binning (when checked), the already multiplied pixel size is given (when unchecked). It depends on the acquistion software used to create the FITS.

  • FITS compression: La compression peut être intéressante dans certains cas où l'espace sur le disque dur est un point clé du traitement. You can find more information in the section dedicated to the FITS format, here.

    The compression adds the extension .fz to the files created. Siril is able to open a sequence with the fz extension without having to change any value in the preferences.

Siril command line

setcompress 0/1 [-type=] [q]
Defines if images are compressed or not.

0 means no compression while 1 enables compression.
If compression is enabled, the type must be explicitly written in the option -type= ("rice", "gzip1", "gzip2").
Associated to the compression, the quantization value must be within [0, 256] range.

For example, "setcompress 1 -type=rice 16" sets the rice compression with a quantization of 16



Page 3 of preferences dialog

This tab contains all the options related to astrometry. Astrometry is a feature strongly implemented in Siril. When the image is solved (i.e. when the astrometry has been successful), it is possible to display the names of the known objects. In particular those listed in the large astronomical catalogs. The annotation part allows to define which catalogs can be used for the display of object names. Currently there are 6 of them, and they can be deselected to be ignored:

  • Messier catalog

  • New General Catalogue

  • Index Catalogue

  • Lynds' Catalogue of Bright Nebulae

  • Sharpless Catalogue

  • Catalogue of Brightest stars

In addition to this list, there are two more catalogs that are filled in by the user. One concerning the deep sky objects, the other concerning the solar system. They can be better described in the annotation annotations section of this documentation.

By clicking on the button Show object names astrometry-icon (only if the image has been plate-solved), the annotations are displayed on the image. It is also possible to click on the button that displays the celestial grid wcs-grid-icon. The latter, by default, adds a compass to the center of the image. The Compass section allows you to define the desired location for the display of the compass.

The World Coordinate System section allows you to choose

  • Formalism 1: In the PC i_j formalism, the matrix elements \(m_{ij}\) (linear transformation matrix) are encoded in PC i_j (floating-valued) header cards, and si as CDELT i. The i and j indices are used without leading zeroes, e.g. PC 1_1 and CDELT 1. The default values for PC i_j are 1.0 for \(i = j\) and 0.0 otherwise. The PC i_j matrix must not be singular; it must have an inverse. Furthermore, all CDELT i must be non-zero.

  • Formalism 2: The CD i_j (floating-valued) keywords encode the product \(s_i m_{ij}\). The i and j indices are used without leading zeroes, e.g. CD 1_1. The CD i_j matrix must not be singular; it must have an inverse. CDELT i and CROTA i are allowed to coexist with CD i_j as an aid to old FITS interpreters, but are to be ignored by new readers.

The Local star catalogues part of the dialog window concerns the use of local catalogs to platesolve images. This feature is described in details in the annotation section of this documentation.

An option in the General Platesolving section determines if the computed focal length and input pixel size are stored in the settings as default values for images that don't have the corresponding metadata, when an astrometric solution is found. prefs

Bottom of page 3 of preferences dialog (

The last section is dedicated to the solve-field plate solver from the suite.

  • Degrees of the polynomial correction: can use a polynomial correction (SIP) to work with optical aberrations, this is the order of the polynomial model. 0 disables it.

  • Sampling tolerance: percent below and above the expected sampling to allow. Given sampling is multiplied or divided by 1 + this / 100.

  • Target radius: allowed search radius around the target coordinates for the solve (degrees). Unused for blind (no target passed) solves.

  • Do not delete .xyls: the list of stars is passed to solve-field as a FITS table, check this to keep the file in the working directory.

  • Do not delete .wcs: the results from solve-field are stored in a FITS header with a file name ending in .wcs. Check this to not remove this file.

  • Maximum seconds to try solving: allowed time for the solve for each catalog file. It can be used as the total solve time only if solve-field is configured to do so in its configuration file.

  • Location of local solver: In order to use locally in Siril, it can be necessary to tell to Siril the path where it is located. On UNIX-based systems, it is generally in the PATH variable and not necessary. For Windows, if you did not modify the default installation directory, that is %LOCALAPPDATA%\cygwin_ansvr, Siril will search for it without additional setup. If you have cygwin and have build from the sources, you must specify the location of cygwin root here.

  • Show solve-field output: print the output of the solver in Siril's main log window, otherwise, only the outcome will be given.



Page 4 of preferences dialog

The pre-processing tab contains all the elements related to the steps that are executed until the stacking. Here it is possible to manage a library of an offset, a dark and a flat, the output name of the stacked file or specific corrections for cameras that use the X-Trans sensor.

  • Dark/Bias/Flat Libraries: In this section it is possible to load an offset, a dark and a flat that will be used by default in the pre-processing if the button to the right of the text box, Use it as default is checked. Each path will also be stored in the reserved keywords $defbias, $defdark and $defflat (one token $) which can be used when saving a stacking result. As far as bias is concerned, it is possible to use more than just a file path. Indeed, in the Siril team we encourage users to use synthetic bias as explained in this tutorial. Several values are then possible as long as the first character entered is the = sign. It is possible to use a fixed integer value like =500 or a multiplication involving the keyword $OFFSET (one token $) as long as the latter is actually registered in the FITS file header, like 10*$OFFSET. More details are given in the tutorial.

  • Stacking default: Here we define the default name that we want to give to the stacking results. It is possible to use any value given in the FITS header as a keyword and surround it with $ tokens. If the keyword does not exist the variable will be used, otherwise it is its value. Another reserved keyword that can be used is $seqname$. It contains the name of the loaded sequence. For example, the following default name, $seqname$stacked_$LIVETIME:%d$s with a sequence name r_pp_light_ and the following header:

    DATE    = '2022-12-08T22:21:14' / UTC date that FITS file was created
    DATE-OBS= '2015-08-21T22:18:25' / YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss observation start, UT
    STACKCNT=                   13 / Stack frames
    EXPTIME =                 300. / Exposure time [s]
    LIVETIME=                3900. / Exposure time after deadtime correction
    EXPSTART=     2457256.42945602 / Exposure start time (standard Julian date)
    EXPEND  =     2457256.51666667 / Exposure end time (standard Julian date)

will output

  • Fix Xtrans files: This setting field is very specific and only concerns possessors of certain X-Trans sensors. Indeed, some images from these cameras show a large square in the center of the darks and bias images due to the position of the autofocus (AF). Siril has an algorithm to eliminate it for the following cameras:

    • Fujifilm X-T1

    • Fujifilm X-T2

    • Fujifilm X-T20

    • Fujifilm X-Pro2

    • Fujifilm X-E3

    • Fujifilm X-H1

Fix X-Trans

X-Trans artifact fixed by the algorithm of Siril

In the unlikely event that your camera contains this artifact and is not supported, then it is possible to define the correction to be applied here. The best thing to do is to contact the dev team in order to have the values to enter that would correspond to your camera.



Page 5 of preferences dialog

Photometry, which is the study of light, is another feature very present in Siril. This section of the preferences allows you to define the settings associated with this tool.


Circle of the aperture photometry

The basic principle of aperture photometry is to sum-up the observed flux in a given radius from the center of an object, then subtract the total contribution of the sky background in the same region (calculated in the ring between the inner and outer radius), leaving only the flux of the object to calculate an instrumental magnitude. This is described in more detail in the Photometry section of this documentation.

  • It is then possible to modify the inner radius and the outer radius to define a size that optimizes the calculated sky value, trying to avoid the stars inside the ring. Outer must always be greater than inner. By default, the flux aperture radius is set as twice the PSF's FWHM, however it is possible to disable this feature and define a fixed value manually.

  • Pixel range value allows users to set a limit for which the pixel is considered bad for photometry. Indeed, doing photometry on saturated data will never give good results, but even getting close to high values may not be suitable because it may be in the non-linear regime of sensors. A default value of 50000 ADU is set to avoid this region, but it may vary from sensor to sensor. Negative values are also allowed because noise can average around a positive value but still provide a few pixels with negative values.

  • Finally, if known, it is highly recommended to put the value of the A/D converter gain in electrons per ADU: it is used in the uncertainties computations, if not already provided in the headers of the processed images.

Analysis Tools


Page 6 of preferences dialog

So far, only one image analysis tool requires adjustment parameters. It is the aberration inspector tool. In this tab you can adjust:

  • The panel size, in pixels, which defines the size of the image that will be placed in a panel. The larger the value, the larger the size of the image in a panel. A value that is too high may prevent from seeing the defects of the stars.

  • The window size, also in pixels, which defines the size of the dialog. It is usually a good idea to increase this value when using a 4K screen.


Aberration inspector window

User Interface


Page 7 of preferences dialog

In this tab are listed all the adjustments related to the user interface. These are not settings that have an impact on the processes, but on the feel and look and needs of the user.

  • By default, the language of Siril is defined according to the system language. However it is possible to change the language and define it to your needs, as long as it exists. However, keep in mind that Siril is developed in English.

  • Two themes are available:

    • The dark theme (default theme)

    • The light theme

    Changing the theme requires a restart of the application to be fully operational.

  • It is possible to adjust the font scale for users with a 4K Ultra-HD screen, or to use symbolic icons for some icons. Theses settings also require a restart of the application.

  • By default Siril remembers the size and the position of the application window each time you close it. By checking on the Remember window size and position button you can disable this behavior.

  • The thumbnails of the images are usually visible in the open dialog boxes. The preferences allow you to not display them if the computer has limited performance and the user does not see the need. You can also change the size of the thumbnail display with the drop-down list.

  • Default screen transfer function is the setting that allows images to be displayed according to the user's preference. By default, this is set to linear. As this really represents what the image is, it is recommended that beginners leave this setting at default. It is easy to forget that you are in auto-adjusted viewing and not understand why the saved images are not as they appear on the screen. However you can always adjust the visualization in the main window.

  • Default display mode: According to the same principle, the histograms can be displayed in two modes. Either the linear or the logarithmic mode. The latter can be very useful with the Generalized Hyperbolic Stretch tool. You can however change the mode in each window with a histogram. In the preferences, this is a matter of setting the default behavior.

  • You can configure some texts and drawings colors to be displayed on the image in the Colors section. To do so, simply click on the color button and choose the color of your choice. This choice concerns 5 items:

    • Background extraction samples

    • Standard annotations



Page 8 of preferences dialog

  • The Scripts tab essentially contains the locations where Siril should look for scripts. Indeed, by default and depending on the OS used, the scripts are installed in a specific place:

    • /usr/local/share/siril/scripts or /usr/share/siril/scripts on GNU/Linux.

    • C:\Program Files\Siril\scripts on Windows.

    • /Applications/ on MacOS, if the application has been installed in the Applications folder.


    On macOS, as the application is signed and notarized, it is impossible to modify the scripts inside the bundle. Otherwise, the application will not start. So you have to define another path pointing to a folder where you have write permissions.

  • The Script Storage Directories field allows you to define custom folder paths to place scripts that you have created and/or modified. Clicking on the button just below will rescan the folders and update the list of scripts in the dedicated menu.

  • The Warning Dialogs section proposes to disable:

    1. The warning text that is displayed before a script is executed.

    2. The check of the keyword requires which must be at the very beginning of the script in order to check if the script is compatible with the version of Siril. We recommend to not uncheck this option.



Page 9 of preferences dialog

Astronomical image processing software, such as Siril, uses a lot of resources and usually requires quite powerful computers. It is not impossible, when the computer is very busy, that it freezes completely. It is not at all recommended to do anything else on the computer during the processing, especially Internet browsing, because browsers are very greedy for RAM. However, it is possible to manage the maximum percentage of RAM that Siril can use.

  • Ratio of available: Siril will limit itself to a ratio of the amount of free physical memory and will decrease the size of work tasks if needed. A value above 1 means that some memory paged on a configured storage will be used and that the overall process will be slower and the system will likely be unresponsive during some operations. If you don't have paged memory configured on some storage, a value of 1 or above will likely result in a crash of siril or of the operating system.

  • Fixed amount (GB): Siril will limit itself to a fixed amount of memory and will decrease the size of work tasks if needed. Configuring a memory amount larger than what is available on your system may result in a crash of siril or of the operating system.

  • The Default bit depth for HD AutoStretch option sets default bit depth for the HD AutoStretch display mode. Higher bit depths require exponentially more memory for the LUT and take longer to recalculate it, but do a much better job of smoothing quantization artefacts in displaying images with very narrow histogram peaks. The default bit depth will apply from the next viewer mode change, and can be applied now using the button to the right. Click on the Apply bit depth button to set the selected HD AutoStretch bit depth now.

  • Multithreaded FFTW: this toggle button sets FFTW to use multiple threads. This can be faster (though performance does not increase linearly with the number of processors, due to synchronization overhead), but FFTW's planning stage takes longer for multi-threaded systems so particularly the first FFT for a given image size may be considerably slower using multiple threads.

  • FFTW planning strategy: this combobox sets the FFTW planning strategy. FFTW has multiple algorithms for calculating a FFT and will plan a given FFT to optimize speed. It saves the results of these plans for later reuse in a cache file called "Wisdom", so some extra time spent up-front planning can reap rewards if you calculate a lot of FFTs of the same size. Note that wisdom is specific to a given machine: it should not be shared between machines and should be deleted and regenerated from scratch following a memory or processor upgrade or a major change of software environment (major OS changes, Siril major version changes). In order of speed, Estimate is fastest: this strategy does not actually do any measurement but does planning based on a set of heuristics. Measure is next fastest: this method actually compares the speed of different internal FFTW methods of calculating the FFT and picks the fastest. As a result, the planning step takes longer. Patient considers even more possible plans, and Exhaustive considers even more. If you always process images of a specific size then the more expensive planning strategies may be worthwhile becaues of Wisdom, but if you work with images of lots of different sizes then a cheaper planning algorithm may be more suitable.

  • FFTW planning time limit: this time limit halts FFTW planning after the specified time limit. This will override the planning strategy. Note that the time limit is not strictly enforced: FFTW will finish any non-interruptible calculation it is performing at the time the limit is reached, and if set to zero FFTW will always as a minimum carry out Estimate planning.



Page 10 of preferences dialog

The last tab contains everything that does not fit in the other themes.

  • Using the Undo/Redo buttons requires disk space. Lots of space in some cases. The folder containing the swap files (which are the files necessary for the proper functioning of the undo/redo pair) can be defined in the Swap Storage Directory section. The disk space is listed to the right of the file chooser. We advise to not change the default settings unless you have a good reason to do so. As the choice of a good folder is critical, it is possible to return to the default folder by clicking on Restore to Default.

  • The Warnings Dialogs allows to disable some warning popups that are here to help beginners.

  • Introduction Tips: At the very first start of Siril, it is possible to see a little animation showing what's new in the application. This animation can be replayed by clicking on Play introduction.

  • StarNet Executable Location: In order to use StarNet in Siril, it is necessary to tell to Siril the path where the StarNet executable is located. For old StarNet++ v1 installations that use separate executables to process mono and RGB files, either can be chosen - Siril will autodetect the other one if both are installed. Note that for these old installations, the original executable names rgb_starnet++ and mono_starnet++ MUST be kept. For all newer single-executable versions of StarNet, Siril will determine the version heuristically and interface with it accordingly.

  • StarNet Weights Location: New Torch-based versions of StarNet provide the option to provide the location of a neural network weights file: it need not be in the same directory as the executable. This preference can be used to set the location of a weights file to pass to StarNet, and it can be reset using the associated button. Note: this option only works with Torch-based StarNet installations. With older StarNet installations the weights file must be in the same directory as the executable.


This is the location of the command line version of StarNet that need to be given, not the GUI one.

  • Gnuplot Installation Directory: In order to use lightcurve feature of Siril, it is necessary to install gnuplot. Then, you need to tell to Siril the path where gnuplot is located. On Unix-like systems, if the installation directory is in the PATH environment variable, it is not necessary.


On macOS, it can be difficult to find the directory path because Apple does not make browsing easy for some folders. A trick is to type Shift + Cmd + g on the open File Chooser Dialog, then directly enter the installation path, which is usually the one set by Homebrew. Usually it is /usr/local/bin on intel computers and /opt/homebrew/bin/ on Apple Silicon versions.

  • Copyright TIFF: When saving TIFF files it is possible to customize the copyright of the dedicated EXIF metadata.

  • Update: By default Siril checks updates at startup. You are free to disable this behavior if you don't want the application queries our website.